Accounting guidance for situations when stock awards (stock options, restricted stock units and other equity-based instruments) are modified after the original grant date has been in place for a long time – with the original literature that covers fair value calculations and determining how much and when compensation expense is recorded. What hasn’t been clear for a long time is when the rules for how to handle modifications need to be applied to changes in stock awards. (more…)
CPAs Talk Tech Biz
Likely, you saw plenty of headlines as the final May 25, 2018 deadline approached. Just more alphabet soup? You may have ignored the article content as soon as you discovered that this was the name of European Union (EU) legislation.
What is it?
General Data Protection Regulation – protects data and privacy for EU residents (individuals), who are referred to as “data subjects”. Provisions cover collection, protection and retention of personal data. (more…)
The Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (the Act), enacted on December 22, 2017, creates some interesting consequences when applying US GAAP principles for income tax accounting related to deferred taxes. FASB guidance requires that deferred income tax assets and liabilities be remeasured as a result of changes in tax laws or tax rates. As commonly known by now, the Act reduced the maximum tax rate for corporations to 21% from 35%. (more…)
As everyone knows by now, the U.S. tax system was widely altered on December 22, 2017 by enactment of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (the Act). The date of enactment is highlighted here because that is the date that triggers financial statement implications. Oh…so close to year-end for most companies. This timing situation is complicated because: (more…)
“Debt issuance costs” are costs incurred that would not have been incurred had not an entity procured a new debt instrument – in other words, incremental costs directly related to the new financing. The FASB Accounting Standards Codification (ASC), interestingly, does not define “debt issuance costs”, although the FASB issued two Accounting Standards Updates (ASUs) in 2015 related to presentation of debt issuance costs, with effective dates for nonpublic companies for financial statements covering fiscal years ended in December 2016 or later. (more…)
According to the Association for Finance Professionals (AFP) annual survey for 2016, 74% of finance professionals indicated that their organization experienced actual or attempted payments fraud during 2016. This level is the highest since 2006 and follows decreases from 2009 through 2013 when the statistic started edging up again from 60% to 62% in 2014 and blasted to 73% in 2015. (more…)
Based on an IRS investigation, taxpayers numbering only in the 800’s in each of the years 2013 through 2015 reported a transaction description likely related to Bitcoin on the form used to report capital gains or losses from property transactions. In 2013, the IRS issued guidance to say that virtual currency transactions were property transactions, rather than currency transactions, and followed that up with practical guidance in April 2014 in their Virtual Currency Guidance, Notice 2014-21. (more…)
For better or worse, the public face of blockchain technology has been Bitcoin, the polarizing crypto-currency. While Bitcoin’s detractors point to high-profile criminal activities and price volatility to question its ultimate long-term viability, a broader base of people knowledgeable in the foundational blockchain technology see potential applications beyond the creation and trading of currency not controlled by any centralized authority. (more…)
Diversity in practice led the FASB to revisit the GAAP guidance for the Statement of Cash Flows that has been around since 1987 with the issuance FASB No. 95. Many people thought aspects of these rules were confusing (and contradictory, at times), or even missing entirely. In fact, restatements of public company financial statements often relate to issues with the Statement of Cash Flows (as noted in an earlier post).
Originally planned as a comprehensive project, the FASB altered course to focus efforts on just the most confusing areas, resulting in new guidance covering nine specific issues. The good news is that most of these issues rarely apply to nonpublic tech companies in the Silicon Valley. Eight issues are covered in ASU No. 2016-15 “Classification of Certain Cash Receipts and Cash Payments” issued in August 2016. Several of the issues that might be encountered include handling proceeds from insurance claims, distributions from equity method investees, and contingent consideration payments made after a business combination. Mid-sized companies outside of specific industries would rarely run into the remaining issues. (more…)