Historically a taxpayer selling tangible property was not required to collect a state’s sales tax unless the taxpayer had “nexus” within the state. Nexus is generally defined as a “connection to the state”. My prior blog discussed the changing concept of nexus: Do You Meet the Newest Invisible Tax Filing Requirement?. The landmark 1992 Supreme Court case of Quill v. North Dakota established a physical presence standard. For a state to impose an obligation for a taxpayer to collect sales tax, the taxpayer must have a physical presence within the state. In recent years to generate new sources of tax revenue states have sought to expand the concept of nexus far beyond the physical presence test. These new standards look at economic nexus. (more…)
President Trump’s campaign promise of major tax reform was fulfilled on Dec 22nd when he signed H.R. 1 that had been quickly pushed through Congress. This legislation is the most widespread change to our tax system since 1986. It will have a significant impact on individuals, business entities, choice of corporate structures and multi-national businesses. The implementation of some of the changes is subject to varying interpretations so we are anxiously awaiting further guidance from the IRS. (more…)
Life can become a blur when you are devoting so much time to a start-up business or to a new product release. As accountants, our job is to keep recordkeeping as up to date as possible while engineering and marketing move quickly to make sure the product hits the sales window at just the right time. Recordkeeping is especially critical at yearend. Now is a good time to take a minute to make sure all your company’s compliance requirements are being handled. To assist you in this assessment, here is a list of items that should be addressed in the next couple of months to make sure your company’s recordkeeping is maintained at the level expected by investors or other third parties. (more…)
For the first time in over 30 years, Congress has approved and the President has signed into law a massive tax reform package not seen since 1986. The enactment of the law officially known as “An Act to provide for reconciliation pursuant to titles II and V of the concurrent resolution on the budget for fiscal year 2018” (which we will simply call the new Tax Act), has far-reaching consequences to almost every taxpaying individual and business entity.
Our goal here at Abbott Stringham and Lynch is to provide our clients and friends with the tools and information you need to successfully navigate the “simplified” tax laws so that you can operate your business and organize your personal affairs in order to pay the least amount of tax required by law. To that end, we have organized a series of tax webinars to discuss tax reform legislation and provide observations on key provisions of the Act as they relate to individuals, estates, corporations and pass-through entities (S corporations and partnerships). (more…)
Revenue Recognition Update – Step 5: Recognizing Revenue When (Or As) the Entity Satisfies a Performance Obligation
By Josh Cross, Senior Audit Manager
After all the research and analysis put in working through the prior four steps, you are now able to begin the process for recognizing revenue for the transaction price (Step 3) which has been allocated to each performance obligation (Step 4).
Each performance obligation identified in Step 2 can be satisfied by either the transfer of a promised good or by performing a service to the customer. This distinction will be the main driver for the next decision that needs to be made, and that is, whether the revenue needs to be recorded over time or at a point in time. For a good majority of the identified performance obligations, a good or service will be transferred/consumed over a period of time and therefore revenue would be recognized over that same time period. ASC 606 has helped in this analysis by providing guidance, so to recognize revenue over time, one of the following criteria needs to be met: (more…)
The new tax reform law, commonly called the “Tax Cuts and Jobs Act” (TCJA), is the biggest federal tax law overhaul in 31 years, and it has both good and bad news for taxpayers.
Below are highlights of some of the most significant changes affecting individual and business taxpayers. Except where noted, these changes are effective for tax years beginning after December 31, 2017. (more…)
If you have been following Steps 1 (Identify the Contract with the Customer) through 3 (Determining a Transaction Price), of the revenue recognition update as eagerly as I have, then I am sure that you keenly await the discussion on Step 4 about the allocation of the transaction price to the performance obligations in a contract. The wait is over as we explore Step 4 in this blog post. A couple key concepts that we need to understand in this process: the allocation objective and standalone selling price. (more…)
By Josh Cross, Senior Audit Manager
Now that all of the performance obligations (Step 2) of the contract have been separately identified, it’s time to determine a transaction price. Seems easy, right?
ASC 606 defines the transaction price as “the amount of consideration to which an entity expects to be entitled in exchange for transferring promised goods or services to a customer, excluding amounts collected on behalf of third parties (for example, some sales taxes).” On the surface this sounds like an easy step for your entity to identify the price you are selling a product for, but in practice we know that not all transaction prices are fixed at the onset of the contract. When calculating the transaction price, an entity needs to consider all of the following: (more…)
Stories of cyber-attacks, malware, ransomware and all possible variations of data breaches have been grabbing headlines in recent months. Personally, I’ve been on the receiving end of phishing emails from several of my business contacts, unbeknownst to them, asking me to click on spurious links “recommended” by them. My colleagues Kay Filler and Nick Sabbatini wrote on the topics of ID theft and data breach risks not too long ago and offered some handy tips on the subject: ID Theft – Insider View & Technology and Connectivity: Understand and Mitigate Data Breach Risks. (more…)